Review of related literature about smoking among students

College anti-smoking policies and student smoking behavior

However, it is not well understood whether college-level anti-smoking policies help reduce cigarette smoking among students. In addition, little is known about policies that may have an impact on student smoking behavior. This study attempted to address these issues through a literature review. Methods: A systematic literature review was. Literature Review 2.1 Nicotine makes brain cell quality 2.2 Academic performance and attitude to school and other behaviour characteristics as related tobacco smoking. 2.3 Effect of smoking on man health 2.4 Smoking behaviour of friends 2.5 Intention to smokes 2.6 Smoking among family member College students' cigarette smoking rose dramatically during the 1990s while little is known about what universities and colleges do to address the problem. Research Purpose The purpose of this research is to identify factors associaed with smoking behavior among students at The University of Jordan. Also, thi

2. Purpose of the literature review The purpose of the literature review is to identify effective interventions to reduce smoking initiation, with an emphasis on modifiable risk factors. The literature review focuses on people aged five to 25 years of age. This information will then be used t Moffat and Johnson ( Moffat and Johnson, 2001) argued the need to better understand what smoking addiction meant to young people and to explore how decisions to smoke are influenced by this. However, a search of the literature revealed little systematic work on children's conceptions of addiction other than Rugkasa et al. 's ( Rugkasa et al. Results of this review suggested that the overall reduction in AMI after smoking bans were in place was 13% with a pooled relative risk of 0.87 (95% CI: 0.84-0.91). A mathematical simulation study from India attempted to quantify the effects of various tobacco control measures, including a ban on public smoking, tobacco tax increases, an Approximately one in eight students who had smoked cigarettes reported smoking their first cigarette before age 10 years: 12.9% in 2000 and 12.7% in 2003, with no significant difference between adolescent boys and girls. Current tobacco use and likely initiation of smoking among never smokers declined significantly from 2000 to 2003 high smoking-related health problems in the future if proper preventive measures are not taken accordingly.4 In Adults The prevalence of current smoking among adult males in 2006, in Malaysia is 46.5% (95% CI: 45.5-47.4%), which was 3.0% lower than a decade ago.18 The prevalence of current smoking among both male and female Malaysian adult

The Effect of Tobacco Smoking on The Academic Performance

  1. The aim of current review of the literature to throw light on the studies related to the smoking effects on dental implant success. This review co-relates the studies done on effect of smoking on peri-implant tissues and its effect on success of implant. Relevant clinical studies written in English between 1990 and 2012 were reviewed
  2. However, it is not well understood whether college-level anti-smoking policies help reduce cigarette smoking among students. In addition, little is known about policies that may have an impact on student smoking behavior. This study attempted to address these issues through a literature review. A systematic literature review was performed
  3. ants of adolescents' smoking behaviour (ASB) published between 1990-2000 is presented. Deter

Topic: Smoking Thesis: Smoking among teens has been increasing in an alarming rate. What are the effects on cigarette advertising has on the teenagers and the numerous ways to quit smoking. Related Issues: 1. Reasons why teens pick up the habit of smoking 2. The Effects of Tobacco Advertisement 3. The numerous reasons people give up smoking 4 GPA<2, (OR= 0.29). Male students were 16.6 times more likely to smoke compared to female students. This study observed that students' perception of either smoking among closed friend, teachers, or other family members had substan tially strong effect on their smoking behavior Literature Review Smoking prevalence in youths is very common in this day and age. Most youths start to pick up the habit even before they reach the legal age to purchase cigarettes. Studies have suggested that the uptake of smoking may be the result of many factors such as passive peer influence, parental role modeling, mass media, smoking statuses of friends and their socioeconomic status Prevalence of Cigarette Smoking Among Adolescents With AOD Use Problems. Research consistently demonstrates a link between adolescent smoking and psychiatric problems, in particular major depressive disorder, disruptive behavior disorders, and AOD use problems (e.g., Brown et al. 1996).Few studies have focused specifically on smoking in clinical samples 1 of adolescents treated for AOD use.

1.5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS. 1. Tobacco smoking can lead to metal disorder which affects academic performance of students. 2. Peer pressure lead to involvement or uptake of tobacco among students. 3. Poverty and family background led to tobacco smoking by student. 4. Society and social problems encourage tobacco smoking among student Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of preventable death in the United States (U.S.)[].Although cigarette smoking among adults has steadily declined over the past decade, smoking among college students has risen sharply [].In the U.S, it is estimated that approximately 29% of those, 18 to 24 years of age, smoke [].Similarly, Steptoe & Wardle (2001) reported that 22.9% and 19.8% of Western.

Of the 105,752 students who ranged in age from 9 to 21 years, the prevalence of current drinking among students was 7.3%, and 13.2% students reported having alcohol-related problems. Male students were 1.78 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.69-1.87) times more likely to be involved in current drinking and 1.86 (95% CI = 1.79-1.93) times. smoking among the teenagers in the Pakistani context. Methodology Statement of the Problem The problem under consideration was to explore the causes and reasons of smoking among the teenagers studying at O and A level students in the private and public sectors schools of Islamabad. Objectives of study 1 9 CHAPTER 2 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES This chapter presents the related literature and studies after the thorough and in-depth search done by the researchers. This will also present the synthesis of the art, theoretical and conceptual framework to fully understand the research to be done and lastly the definition of terms for. The following review on literature will provide information regarding the topic of underage drinking and driving, discuss the danger this issue has on the public, inform why the government has the laws that are enforced today and provide credible information from first hand victims. Before 1984, there was no such thing as a drinking age in the. Literature Review On Smoking Among Students time. I had no problems with grammar, punctuation and style of writing. I did not find any mistakes. Thanks for the quality of writing. This is a professional service. It was a great pleasure to work with you! Pages: 1 #6 in global rating

The pooled prevalence of current cigarette smoking among school-going adolescents in East Africa was found to be 9.02% (95%CI: 6.34-11.70). Based on the subgroup analysis, current cigarette smoking among school-going adolescents was estimated at 9.8% in Kenya, 7.72% in Ethiopia, 10.83% in Uganda, 13.6% in Sudan, and 4% in Tanzania. Conclusions. related to tobacco consumption among secondary, high school and university students of Cáceres (Spain). Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study. The sample consisted of secondary, high school and university students from the city of Cáceres, over 14 years old. Sociodemographic and consumption data and factors related to tobacco were collected The argument for smoking prevention among adolescents is based on the observation that, if smoking does not start during adolescence, it is unlikely ever to occur8 and on data indicating that the probability of cessation among adults is inversely related to age at initiation.12 13 Even infrequent experimental smoking in adolescence. The systematic review showed that PWLs on tobacco products are effective across a wide range of tobacco-related outcomes among young people. Gaps in the literature include a lack of research on tobacco initiation and cessation and a dearth of literature on non-cigarette tobacco products

Exploring children's conceptions of smoking addiction

Smoking prevalence diminishes with an increase in exercise practice 19 and is less frequent in elite student athletes. 20, 21 In 458 French elite student athletes (16-24 years, sex ratio M/F 0.65. Asthma is one of the most common, serious chronic diseases in pediatric and young adult populations. Health-risk behaviors, including cigarette smoking and alcohol use, may exacerbate chronic diseases and complicate their management. The aim of this study was to longitudinally analyze rates of cigarette smoking and alcohol use in adolescents and young adults who have asthma and those who do.

Millones de Productos que Comprar! Envío Gratis en Productos Participantes This study examined how perceptions of student smoking in the school environment and the actual smoking rate among senior students at a school are related to smoking onset. Multilevel logistic regression analysis was used to examine correlates of ever smoking in a sample of 4,286 grade 6 and 7 students from 57 elementary schools in Ontario, Canada. Students are at increased risk for smoking if. Given the gaps found in the literature review, this research study is needed to understand the habits, attitudes, and practices in relation to smoking among university students. In addition, the need to examine gender differences in expressions and values of smoking will be addressed

Tobacco Use Among Students Aged 13-15 Years—Philippines

Literature Review On Smoking Among Students can Literature Review On Smoking Among Students finish it once you get home or you would want someone to take care of the whole work. Definitely, it will be the latter but at an affordable price. With our cheap essay writing service, you Literature Review On Smoking Among Students 2.6.2 Current situation of smoking behavior in national level and international level!.....1 Causes of Smoking habit among Teenagers Regina Jane A. Ancheta Math11FA1 Prof. Dangla Hypothesis: Chapter 1: Introduction Each year a great amount of money are being wasted in smoking. Although it is quite obvious that smoking habit is dangerous and injurious to health but still a larger number of people especially teenagers attracting and. The study revealed a significant difference between pre and post test course of students. This knowledge may protect them from becoming smokers. The students may spread the knowledge they had gained to follow students, neighbors and friends. R.Sreevani(2008) LITERATURE RELATED TO DRUG ABUSE. Non-research Literature

Traancy, or cutting classes, is common among adolescents. As many as 1 out of 5 high school students cut classes on a weekly basis (Duckworth & Deiung, 1989). Windle (1990) studied a national sample of adolescents (ages 14-15) and found that 39.4% of males and 35.3% o Parrot in his review of literature concerning the bond between smoking and stress adduces the argument that nicotine relieves only the kind of stress brought by the absence of nicotine. Looking closer at this statement it becomes obvious that this statement is true for heavy smokers, and for people who smoke regularly Such associations can occur for at least two reasons. First, beliefs about the health risks of smoking may be instigators of smoking cessation (for a review of this literature, see S2 Appendix). Second, people may adjust their beliefs about smoking's health risks in order to rationalize their status as a smoker or a non-smoker [46-48]. If. Smoking and drinking share many detrimental effects, some of which operate synergistically. Over 90% of alcoholic inpatients are smokers, with similar findings regarding outpatients. In the general population, the relationship between smoking and drinking appears positive but modest. Nicotine appears to facilitate ethanol consumption and vice.

Download Paper: 41. Views: 393. A new study 50-Year Trends in Smoking-Related Mortality in the United States published in the New England Journal of Medicine revealed that women's death rates from smoking have caught up to those of men. The study showed that women's risk of death from smoking-related illnesses is now equivalent to that of men Health literacy is a multidimensional concept that is considered a primary public health concern. This concept is often neglected in research, and the evidence regarding health literacy in college students is limited. The aim of this study was two-fold: to determine the needs and limitations of health literacy among college students and to explore the relationships among the nine dimensions of. Key facts about cigarettes use among children and teenagers: 1.Among adults who smoke, 68 percent began smoking regularly at age 18 or younger, and 85 percent started when they were 21 or younger.4 The average age of daily smoking initiation for new smokers in 2008 was 20.1 years among those 12-49 years old. 2 Literature review. This review will cover the aims of this research. Globally, it was estimated that there are about 1.3 billion smokers, half of whom will die from smoking-related diseases (Shafey et al., 2009)

suggestions based on research that smoking tends to cause . cognitive decline and results in the loss. of grey matter tissue . in the brain with time [8]. At the end of the twentieth century, deaths from smoking related illnesses had risen to 4 million a . year worldwide and projections indicate that this could rise to . 10 million a year by. In Canada, vaping increased among adolescents aged 15-19 between 2013 and 2015 but did not change significantly in 2017.14 Among grade 10-12 students, the most recent estimates indicate that 14.6% reported vaping in the past 30 days in 2016-17.15 Smoking among adolescents has been declining in Canada for several decades, although the rate of. psychoactive substances among secondary school students in Tanzania is a relative new area at least in practice. The objective of this study was to determine Knowledge, attitude, and practice of psychoactive substances use among secondary school students in Dodoma Municipality, Tanzania. The study used both qualitative and quantitative methods By: Irish Yvonne Mae O. Ambong This chapter presents a review related literature and studies related to choice of specialization of senior high school students. The chapter includes the following topics: senior high school, factors that influence the choice of specialization of students, theoretical framework, and conceptual framework. Senior High School Senior High Schoo OBJECTIVE To provide a comprehensive review of interventions and policies aimed at reducing youth cigarette smoking in the United States, including strategies that have undergone evaluation and emerging innovations that have not yet been assessed for efficacy. DATA SOURCES Medline literature searches, books, reports, electronic list servers, and interviews with tobacco control advocates

Massimo BARALDO | MD, Associate Prof

CHAPTER 2 Review of Related Literature and Studies Foreign Literature Student Performance Galiher (2006) and Darling (2005), used GPA to measure student performance because the main focus in the student performance for the particular semester. Text messaging is most popular among teens and to the college students. Because of its popularity. METHODS: Using 2011-2018 National Youth Tobacco Survey data, logistic/linear regressions were used to analyze trends in smoking frequency, intensity, age of first cigarette use, and electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use frequency among current smokers. Stratified analyses were conducted among male, female, middle school, and high school students and race and ethnicity subgroups separately Smokers and nonsmokers were compared on three aspects of academic achievement. Although exactly the same percentage of smokers and nonsmokers passed the first-year university examination, smokers obtained significantly higher marks. Similarly, smokers achieved significantly higher marks in their final year examinations in comparison with nonsmokers. Finally, a comparison of the tutorial essay.


A literature review on effects of smoking on the success

A study on factors concerned with smoking behavior among pupils of junior high school Part I. Factors related with first cigarette and situation in smoking now. Japanese J Hygiene 1985;40:596-604. (In Japanese with English abstract) 14. Ogawa H, Tominaga S, Gellert G, et al. Smoking among junior high school students in Nagoya, Japan Based on the most recent data (2010), the prevalence of smoking among adults aged >15 years was 23.8%, with a higher percentage among males (47.4%) than females (1.4%). The prevalence of smoking among students aged 13-15 was 3.8% (2007), with a similar gender pattern made to ensure gender does not hinder learning and/or performance in mathematics among students. Teachers, parents and siblings of the students should encourage both the female and male learners to equally embrace mathematics

(PDF) Determinants of adolescents' smoking behaviour: A

2 | Improving Gender Balance: Literature Review Overview The Improving Gender Balance and Equalities programme is a research-informed programme. The aim of this literature review is to provide an overview of relevant theory and research in this area, with points for professional discussion and ideas for practice Notwithstanding the above-mentioned difficulties, the use of alcohol can be considered a very common phenomenon among youth. While alcohol consumption can be seen in about 1 % of children of 12 years and younger, a sharp increase can be detected during adolescence, reaching around 45.5 % in young adults [].US studies even found an overall prevalence of 72.5 % of high school students who have. Chapter II. Review of Related Literature and Studies Being always present in class and getting to school on time are two of the crucial determining factors of a student's success, not just as a student but as a person who will be managing his/her own life in the future. Given the importance of being punctual, this study aims to explore and find out the factors that affect the punctuality of. We briefly outline the biological mechanisms that may underlie hangover effects before embarking on a detailed review of the literature on the performance effects of alcohol hangover. We set out to include all the peer-reviewed studies published to date but it is possible that one or two of the less well-cited studies will have been omitted 8 REVIEW OF LITERATURE 8.1 INTRODUCTION. This review covers a wide range of issues related to tobacco in nine subject areas: demand, supply, and trade of tobacco leaves, demand for cigarettes, cigarette advertising, cigarette taxes, social costs of smoking, economic significance of tobacco industry, and farm issues associated with tobacco control

literature review, and the inputs from the experts who reviewed the guidelines. The researcher assumes that implementation of the guidelines will reduce substance use and substance abuse among university students. Key terms: Addictive substance, Perception, Substance Abuse, Substance use, Undergraduate Students Literature review. This research effort is targeted at finding the effects of social media on students' performance. Therefore, the literature review discusses the relevant research that is useful to the objectives of this research project. Several research studies investigating the topic under review are found to be very recent

Smoking Among Teens Essay - 2709 Word

Review of the Literature . Many of the factors that contribute to smoking initiation have been elucidated; the strongest appear to be peer smoking and parent smoking A Review of the Literature. Substance abuse is a chronic disease that lasts a lifetime. Tied with substance abuse is substance dependency, and it is a health issue that effects biologic, mental, and social aspects of one's life. (Flynn, P. M., & Brown, B. S, 2008, p.36). The type of substance abuse I am going to be discussing is the abuse of. Literature review. Alcohol consumption is among the unhealthy behavior among the high school students that may affect their academic performance. Alcohol consumption is associated with behavioral problems such as poor academic performance. Many researches have been conducted to show the effects of alcohol consumption on academic performance. Due to the addictive nature of nicotine, adolescents who experiment with smoking are at high risk to develop a regular smoking pattern and to continue smoking in adulthood. This thesis examined the factors contributing to smoking inititation among adolescents. The method employed in this study was a systematic literature review

on engagement related behaviors. A study of 403 students at a regional southern university found residing in living-learning communities has a positive influence on the academic success of students who reside in them (Eck et al., 2007). Anderman and Kaplan's (2008) literature review students and that most of the students had attended guidance and counselling against drugs in their schools. Alcohol was the frequently abused drug in the schools as expressed with a mean of 2.632. The study concluded that drug abuse among the students caused dropping out of school, strained relationship wit and combine all noteworthy evidence related to the study question. Having a sound understanding about systematic reviews and their application in all branches of science especially in health sector, is increasingly mandatory. The main aim of the present systematic review was to provide a detailed summary of literature related to stress Envío gratis con Amazon Prime. Encuentra millones de producto Given the relative health costs of smoking vs vaping nicotine, 2,3 flavor bans that increase smoking may prove harmful. Thus, this study's objective was to estimate the association between San Francisco's ban on flavored tobacco product sales and smoking among high school students younger than 18 years

Literature Review (revised) - Literature Review Smoking

2.4 Narrative review In a literature review one can either choose a narrative or systematic review. Fink (2005) states that a literature review research can be used in diverse ways, proposals for funding and academic degrees being among them and it is usually done to understand a topic and bring to light what is currently known Smoking and Alcohol use Among Bscrimonology Students. Introduction Smoking and alcohol use among college students remains the prominent problem in different colleges and universities in the country today. National survey results indicate that 4o percent of college students engaged in smoking and drinking alcohol.According to Windle (2003) smoking and alcohol use among college students is. Substance use among college and university students predicts substance related problems in later life. Few studies on this phenomenon have been carried out in low income countries, and most focus on primary and secondary school students. This study therefore aimed to establish the prevalence and factors associated with drug use among university and college students in a low income country LITERATURE REVIEW While many studies have examined the effects of drinking on a student's school work, it should be noted it's tricky to test the effects of alcohol consumption on academic performance. In examining the two, one big problem is that there may be another variable explaining bot

Cigarette Smoking Among Adolescents With Alcohol and Other

literature review on effectiveness of the use of social media a report for peel public health rebecca schein, phd(1), kumanan wilson msc, md, frcs (2) and jennifer keelan, phd (3) (1) assistant professor, carleton university, ottawa, ontario, canada (2) crc (public health policy), university of ottawa, ottawa, ontario canada Based from the findings, it was concluded that several factors pose a high impact on the academic performance of student nurses, with teacher-related factors topping the list. Among the five (5) domains, study habits and school-related factors fall behind the teacher-related factors. Nonetheless, both categories are still deemed to be highly. by White male students according to YRBS (21.0%), did not differ appreciably from their prevalence of current cigarette smoking (22.3%). Moreover, in some states, current cigar use among adolescent males actually exceeds the prevalence of current cigarette smoking in this population. (206 Cigarette smoking was uncommon throughout the world in 1900, but smoking rates increased substantially in many high-income countries during the first half of the 20th century, first among men and. systematic review of food insecurity among US students attending higher education institutions. A total of eight studies met inclusion criteria, representing data from 52,085 students. Unweighted mean food insecurity prevalence among this sam-ple was 43.5% (SD = 12.4), significantly higher than the 13% reported for US national households in 2015

LITERATURE REVIEW A review of literature available in the field reveals the following observations methods have been found directly related to emotional and social 28.Sibnath Deb et.al (2010), Anxiety among High School Students in India: Comparisons across Gender, School Type, Social Strata and Perceptions o Under low threat, self-efficacy was mediated by perceived barriers for smoking behaviour and general safety protective behaviours. Conclusions. Future health promotion programmes with college students must use interventions that maximize self-efficacy and ultimately reduce barriers to adopting a healthy lifestyle

Factors Related to Cigarette Smoking Initiation and Use

completely smoking-related diseases in the long-term. However, the prevention of adolescent smoking has proved a difficult challenge and it has been argued that tackling adult smoking may be the best way to reduce uptake in youth (Hill, 1999). Therefore, efforts to help those who smoke or use tobacco to stop doing so will remain a vital. 11 After this short review of the economic literature, we cull (mainly) non-economic literature on parental involvement in education, to lay the foundations, in the three last chapters, for a deeper economic understanding of its importance. This review is far from being exhaustive concerning the non-economic literature and selects only the main.

education students LITERATURE REVIEW Stress comes in different forms to an individual's daily life. Stress is a bio-psychosocial model that refers to the consequence of failure of an organism to respond adequately to mental, emotional or physical demands, whether actual or imagined cited in Al-Sowygh, (2013) strongly related to when within the relevant quarter a student has their 21st birthday, and persists into later academic terms. In addition, we nd that e ects are concentrated among female students, \low ability students, and those most likely to be from disadvantaged backgrounds The purpose of this study was to evaluate smoking prevalence and factors associated with smoking among students at the Physical Education and Sports School of Istanbul University. A cross-sectional study was performed on total of 373 students who have been continuing their education at the school from February to March 2011. A total of 166 responders were male (44.5%) and 207 responders were. A Good Literature Review is:• Focused - The topic should be narrow. You should only present ideas and only report on studies that are closely related to topic.•. Concise - Ideas should be presented economically. Don't take any more space than you need to present your ideas.•

The health impacts of loneliness and social isolation among older adults are widely acknowledged. Despite this, there is no consensus on the possible causal nature of this relationship, which could undermine effectiveness of interventions. One body of thought is that loneliness and social isolation affect health-related behaviours to indirectly damage health Anti-stigma training for medical students has shown to decrease the prevalence of stigmatised views (Papish et al. 2013) and even brief educational initiatives such as the viewing of anti-discrimination films have shown to reduce the levels of stigma for medical students (Kerby et al. 2008) and this effect would likely be replicated among. In the educationa­l field, the common sources of stress that may lead to fear and anxiety among students are high expectatio­ns of parents, teachers, or even friends, academic pressure, competitio­n among classmates, physical set-up, limited opportunit­ies, and ambitions (Nakalema and Ssenyonga, 2013)

Alcohol use and alcohol-related problems among adolescents

literature review is going to give students, teachers, administrators, and parents some helpful tips as to how to look for cyberbullying, and how to prevent it in and out of the schools. Cyberbullying: A Literature Review Computers and other electronics are becoming more a part of our everyday worl better manage their symptoms. A literature review was done to examine the impact of anxiety and depression on academic performance, as well as the role that social support has in relation to these variables. Research involving social support as it relates to academic achievement in college students is limited. Particularly, there is a gap i Free articles from APA Journals. As communities around the world respond to the rapidly evolving situation around COVID-19, psychologists across the breadth of the field are providing critical guidance and support. APA Publishing is grateful for your leadership and is committed to providing you with the resources you need to carry out your work Health care providers should direct clinical questions to the Section of Epidemiology at 907-269-8000. Questions regarding DHSS COVID response, including advisories, can be sent to covidquestions@alaska.gov. If you are a member of a media and have a question, please contact Clinton.Bennett@alaska.gov or 907-269-4996 for resources and contacts

The study revealed high school seniors (typically between 16 and 18 years of age) who dropped out of school were more than twice as likely to be smokers, or have smoked in the past month, than. Annual Smoking-Attributable Mortality, Years of Potential Life Lost, and Economic Costs --- United States, 1995--1999. Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of preventable death in the United States and produces substantial health-related economic costs to society (1,2).This report presents the annual estimates of the disease impact of smoking in the United States during 1995--1999 From the above summary of the literature specifically related to obesity prevalence in Saudi Arabia (Table 2), it is observed that the country is experiencing the obesity crisis, which has become a public health issue.High prevalence of overweight and obesity is observed at regional and national level; in different age groups (adults, adolescents and children); and among both males and females CHAPTER 2 Review of Related Literature and Studies This part of the study contains related literature and studies after the thorough and in-depth research of the researcher. Related literatures come from both foreign and local published literatures that became the basis for the researcher to pursue this study


If you are an undergraduate or graduate student, there is a good chance that you will be asked to conduct at least one literature review during your coursework. A literature review is a paper, or a part of a larger research paper, that reviews the critical points of current knowledge on a particular topic.It includes substantive findings as well as theoretical and methodological contributions. Academic Problems. About one in four college students report experiencing academic difficulties from drinking, such as missing class or getting behind in schoolwork. 5 In a national survey, college students who binge drank alcohol at least three times per week were roughly six times more likely to perform poorly on a test or project as a result of drinking (40 percent vs. 7 percent) than. The most recent literature review published on this topic extended two previous literature reviews by analyzing the effects cell phones have on learning and why these effects occur, based on a variety of theories. Chen and Yan (2016) included literature on cell phone use while driving and generalized the findings to the effects on learning. The.

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